How to Understand Forecast vs Projection in Easy Terms?

December 7, 2023
Sheetal S Kumar
Sheetal S Kumar
Sheetal S Kumar
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Having a sense of direction and roadmaps is advantageous in business. 

Anticipating what is on the way, being better prepared to face the challenges, and having solutions that help traverse these changing market trends help companies to emerge successfully every year. 

Conducting sales predictions helps in accomplishing these strides effectively. 

But with various tools like sales predictions and forecasts available to effectively predict the upcoming changes, how does one understand which is ideal for their operations?

In this article, we will explain the clear differentiators between sales forecast vs projection, their definitions, when to use these tools, and how to effectively create predictions with these tools.

So scroll down for more.  

What is a sales projection?

A sales projection predicts the future sales performance for a particular product, service, or business, incorporating a thorough understanding of the market, the target audience, and the factors that may influence sales, including the role of AI sales forecasting for enhanced accuracy. It involves predicting the revenue a company expects to generate over a specific period, typically expressed in monetary terms. 

Creating accurate sales projections requires a thorough understanding of the market, the target audience, and the factors that may influence sales. It is based on various factors, including historical sales data, market trends, industry analysis, customer behavior, and external economic factors. 

What is a sales forecast?

A sales forecast involves quantifying the expected revenue over a defined period, typically broken down into months, quarters, or years. It is crucial for business planning and financial management, helping organizations anticipate and plan future sales activities.

Sales forecasts are dynamic and should be regularly reviewed and adjusted based on actual performance and changes in market conditions. While they are essential for planning, it's important to recognize that forecasts are estimates, and actual results may vary.

Key differences between a projection vs forecast

While the terms sales projection vs. sales forecast are sometimes used interchangeably, they can have nuanced differences based on context. 

Let's look at some key differences between sales projection vs forecast. 

Term Usage

The terms are often used interchangeably with different organizations using the terms without necessarily implying a distinct difference in meaning. However, sales projection is more focused on internal planning, while sales forecast is often associated with external communication, such as investor presentations.

Time Frame

Both sales projections and sales forecasts involve predicting future sales, but the time frame can vary. Forecasts often imply a more detailed and shorter-term prediction, while projections may be used for longer-term planning.


Sales forecasts may be more detailed, providing specific breakdowns of sales figures by product, region, or sales channel. In contrast, projections tend to be higher-level, offering a generalized overview of anticipated overall sales performance. 

Data Sources

Sales forecasts place a greater emphasis on quantitative data, historical sales data, and statistical models. While, sales projections incorporate a broader range of factors, including qualitative assessments and expert judgment.

Internal vs. External Communication

Sales projections are more commonly used for internal purposes, guiding a company's planning and decision-making. Sales forecasts, on the other hand, are more likely to be shared externally, such as with investors, stakeholders, or the public.


Sales forecasts are seen as more dynamic and subject to frequent updates based on short-term market changes. Projections, especially long-term ones, might be more stable and subject to less frequent revision.

These term distinctions aren't universally agreed upon, and industries may use them interchangeably. Many organizations use sales projection vs. sales forecast synonymously to estimate future sales and to understand the sales landscape for decision-making.

For further reading, check Sales Automation | Your gateway to Accurate Sales Forecasting. 

When to Use Sales Projection vs. Forecast 

The choice between sales projection vs. sales forecast often depends on the context and purpose of the communication. 

Use sales projection when focusing on long-term internal planning and strategic decision-making. For instance, projections may involve a broader assessment of future sales trends, considering qualitative factors and expert insights. Therefore, the company might use sales projections to guide multi-year budgeting and forecasting or expansion plans.

Conversely, sales forecasts can be used when emphasizing shorter-term, detailed predictions for both internal and external audiences. Forecasts are valuable for operational planning, resource allocation, and investor communications. 

For example, sales forecasts typically involve a more quantitative analysis, incorporating historical data, market trends, and statistical models to provide specific sales figures by product, region, or sales channel. Therefore, quarterly sales forecasts can guide inventory management and assist in setting achievable sales targets.

How to create a sales forecast

Creating a sales forecast involves a systematic approach to estimating future sales based on various factors. Let's explore the steps to creating an effective sales forecast. 

How to Create a Sales Forecast

Gather Historical Data

Collect and analyze historical sales data to examine past performance, and identify trends, seasonal fluctuations, and any patterns that may influence sales. This data provides a foundation for understanding your business's sales dynamics.

Market Analysis

Conduct a thorough analysis of the market and industry trends. Factors to be considered include economic conditions, changes in consumer behavior, and competitive influences. Understanding the external environment helps in making informed predictions about future sales.

Segmentation and Product Analysis

Break down your products or services into segments and analyze their individual performance. This involves identifying high-performing and low-performing products and considering changing marketing strategies and product launches that impact sales for each segment.

Sales Channels and Customer Behavior

Differentiate between various sales channels in online, retail, and wholesale and understand how each contributes to overall sales. Considering the behavior of different customer segments, their preferences, and buying patterns helps in tailoring forecasts to specific market segments, optimizing strategies for diverse channels. Additionally, explore innovative approaches like partnering with commission only sales reps to tap into new markets and drive sales in a cost-effective manner.

Assumptions and Forecasting Methods

Clearly outline the assumptions that underlie your sales forecast. These assumptions might include factors like market growth rates, promotional activities, or product launches. Accordingly choose an appropriate forecasting method, such as quantitative models, trend analysis, or expert judgment, depending on the nature of your business and available data.

Sales forecasts must be regularly revisited and updated as market conditions change. Flexibility and adjustments may be necessary based on real-time feedback and evolving business dynamics, ensuring the adaptability of your revenue planning and forecasting strategies.

How to make a sales projection

Creating a sales projection involves careful analysis of historical data, market trends, and various factors influencing sales. Here is a step-by-step process for making sales projections:

How to Make a Sales Projection

Gather Historical Sales Data

Collecting and analyzing historical sales data helps identify patterns, seasonality, and any factors that have influenced sales performance in the past. It serves as a baseline for understanding your business's sales trends.

Understand Market and Industry Trends

To understand market and industry trends it's important to stay informed about current market and industry trends that impact your business. Changes in consumer behavior, competitive landscape, economic conditions, and technological advancements can affect your projections and influence sales. 

Segment Your Sales Data

Segment your sales data by product, service, customer type, or geographic region. It helps create more accurate projections for each segment as different products or markets may have distinct sales patterns and growth rates.

Consider External Factors and Assumptions

Identify and document external factors that may affect your sales projections. These could include changes in regulations, shifts in customer preferences, or the introduction of new competitors. Clearly defining the assumptions underlying your projections helps enhance transparency.

Apply Forecasting Methods

Choose appropriate forecasting methods based on your business and available data. Common methods include trend analysis, regression analysis, and industry benchmarking. Use these methods to project future sales based on historical performance and the identified factors, while streamlining the process with the efficiency of a specialized sales forecast calculator.

Continuous monitoring and adaptation are key to maintaining relevant and useful sales projections. This requires regularly revisiting and updating your sales projections as market conditions change. 

For further reading, check Unlocking Business Success with AI Sales Forecasting

Concluding Thoughts

Terms like sales projections vs. forecasts are used interchangeably in most organizations. Though there are similarities in their approach as both strive to predict sales in the coming future, the purposes that they fulfill are varied. 

They differ in prediction timeline, specificity of this estimation, data sources, flexibility, etc. Irrespective of these varying factors, sales forecasts and projections are great tools to incorporate into your business operations for better preparedness and planning. The Revenue Projection calculator can provide valuable insights and assist in making informed decisions for your business's financial future.

For this reason, businesses must regularly review and update their sales predictions to reflect changing market conditions and adjust their strategies accordingly. 

The proactive approach that sales forecasting and projections offer businesses puts them in an advantageous position where they are more alert to the challenges and opportunities ahead. 

Effective use of these operational tools helps make a positive impact and growth for the business and the organization. 

To read more about these topics, connect with Kennect. For more information, Book A Demo Now. 


Sheetal S Kumar

Sheetal is a content strategist and writer at Kennect. She has extensive writing experience in content marketing and research, focused on small business enterprises and B2B Saas. She is passionate about creating engaging and insightful blogs while exploring the power of content and social media.


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